What Are Amino Acids?
Amino acids build the proteins that make up your tissues and organs and are involved in virtually every cellular process—from muscle growth to making neurotransmitters and other chemicals necessary for life.
Your Body Is Constantly Repairing Itself
Protein synthesis is the building of new protein molecules in the body. Every muscle, organ, and tissue is in a constant state of protein breakdown and synthesis. Maintaining and growing lean body mass requires tipping the balance in favor of protein synthesis.
Your Muscles Need Protein to Stay Healthy
The body uses amino acids circulating in the bloodstream to rebuild protein. If there are not enough circulating amino acids, then muscle tissue is broken down to release amino acids into the blood and carry out the process.
Your Body Depends on Protein for Survival
In order to rebuild proteins on a daily basis, amino acids are assembled by the body in a very specific order and in very specific ratios. If the body does not have the necessary amino acids to complete the protein, the entire process comes to a halt.
Your Body Needs Some Outside Help
Essential amino acids can not be produced by the body, and thus must be consumed through food or supplements. When you don’t provide your body with an ongoing supply of essential amino acids, you lose the ability to keep up muscle mass and bone density, and suffer other adverse health outcomes as a result.
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Our world-renowned scientific team specializes in the research and development of targeted amino acid supplements. Members of our scientific team have pioneered the invention and development of numerous cutting-edge medical nutrition products.
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Our products provide ideal ratios of amino acids to trigger the growth of new muscle and stimulate other precise metabolic effects.
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More About Amino Acids
What are amino acids?
Amino acids play many vital roles in the body and are necessary for nearly every physiological function. They are commonly referred to as the building blocks of protein because they attach to one another in long chains to form different types of protein molecules. These protein molecules have a wide array of functions throughout the body, and trigger many of the most important processes needed to stay healthy and thrive.
What are essential amino acids?
There is a total of 20 amino acids that play a role in human functioning. Your body can naturally produce 11 of these, and they are called nonessential amino acids (NEAAs) because you don’t need to get them from outside sources. If your body needs more of one of these amino acids, it simply produces more. The other 9 amino acids are called essential amino acids (EAAs) because your body cannot produce them. The 9 essential amino acids are: histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, valine, and tryptophan. You must get these amino acids from the food you eat or supplements you take. Deficiencies in any of the essential amino acids can cause serious and wide-ranging health problems.
What are branched-chain amino acids?
Leucine, isoleucine, and valine are essential amino acids that are also called "branched-chain" because they’re the only amino acids that have a chain that branches to the side. As with the other essential amino acids, these branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are important for energy and muscle metabolism. However, there is little evidence that they can stimulate muscle protein synthesis on their own. Instead evidence suggests that the BCAAs are most beneficial when taken as part of a complete suite of essential amino acids.
How is protein in food related to amino acids?
Your body breaks down the protein you eat into its component amino acids. The body then uses these component amino acids to make its own protein molecules. You can think about protein from food as little balls of thousands of amino acid molecules that will be unpacked and used by your body. There are many different types of protein molecules, each containing a vastly different arrangement of amino acids. Some proteins from foods provide your body very few benefits, while others are extremely healthful. The World Health Organization adopted the Protein Digestibility Corrected Amino Acid Score (PDCAAS) as a method of evaluating the quality of any given food-based protein.
What is muscle protein synthesis and turnover?
All proteins in the body are in a constant state of turnover, whereby old proteins are destroyed (protein degradation) and new proteins are created (protein synthesis). Many factors can influence the rate of this turnover, including the food you eat, how much you exercise and the type of exercise you do, the injuries you sustain, your diet, etc. This process also changes as we age. As muscle protein synthesis slows, it leads to a natural loss of muscle mass after the age of 40.
Why isn’t eating a high-protein diet or taking protein supplements like whey or pea protein enough?
The role of protein in food is not to provide the body with proteins directly, but to supply the amino acids from which the body can make its own proteins. When we eat foods that supply each essential amino acid in adequate amounts, our body supports protein synthesis. However, research has shown that taking an essential amino acid (EAA) supplement triggers muscle protein synthesis to a clinically significant degree, even in people already eating high-protein diets. Supplements have also been tested in people with diets rich in high-quality protein and the benefits seen are just as significant. Remember, our supplements have been shown to stimulate muscle protein synthesis at least 4x more than any other protein source on a gram-for-gram basis. Additionally, our free amino acids are rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream, whereas protein from food is broken down and digested much more slowly. This fast-acting, potent burst from EAAs is what gives our supplements their proven benefits for all diets.
Can I still take my normal supplements (whey protein, vitamins, etc.) with your products?
Yes, Amino Co products are all safe to use with your current supplements, and in many cases actually enhance the benefits of your existing supplements.
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